Loudness Control in Mixing
When analyzing popular music these days with a spectrum analyzer, it can be seen that the high-pitched part is relatively over emphasized. Despite the fact that there are many high-pitched components in those music, when we listen to the music with our ears, we become feel tired soon without the feelings of coolness and freshness. On the other hand, if you listen to music made using analog equipments in the past, there are not so many high-pitched components, but overall, the music is heard often clear and cool.
Today's popular music, made using cutting-edge digital equipments and plug-ins, makes our ears tired because of the excessive use of finalizers and maximizers in its production. This is why music producers raise the level of music to the maximum, regardless of sound quality, during the mix-down stage. Even if the sound pressure is a bit lacking, the level of music must be moderately raised. Engineers usually set the peaks of vocals and other instruments within the drum's peak values, and raise the VU values appropriately to the limited peak values without causing distortion. If you use too much of the compressor, all of the instruments' sounds will flow out of the speakers due to excessive compression. These sounds may sound colorful and powerful when you first hear them, but listening to them longer makes your ears tired. The reason is that there is almost no change in the dynamic range of the music due to excessive use of the compressor.
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